On 23rd November Spain are requiring that all visitors have a negative PCR test result within 72 hours of arriving in the country. Due to an upcoming trip I have tried to find the options for getting this test done – in a suitable time frame and with reliability of the results to be returned in time. Certificates will be accepted in digital or paper format, but it seems this is one more hoop to jump through for travelling now :/

So Where Can I Get This Test Done?

Below is a summary of my findings so far. I am based in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire so there is a focus for locations nearest to me. All of the tests issue a certificate for travel, which will include name, date of birth, passport number, test type and result.


I have mastered the basic tenses in Spanish (present – I have – tengo, present perfect – I have had – he tenido, imperfect – I was having/used to have – tenía, preterite – I had – tuve), but the Spanish pluperfect subjunctive I really struggle with.  I think this is because we don’t use the English pluperfect forms when speaking – we use a simplified version.  In older English literature you will find the pluperfect used, but as languages evolve they often become more simple. More »

Possessive Adjectives

Have to agree with the noun they describe

mi/mis – my
tu/tus – your
su/sus – your (usted), his/her/it’s
nuestro/nuestra/nuestros/nuestras – our
vuestro/vuestra/vuestros/vuestras – your
su/sus – their

nuestro coche
nuestra madre
nuestros tios
mi libro
mis cartes
tu perro

Possessive Pronouns

mío, mía, míos, mías – mine
tuyo, tuya, tuyos, tuyas – yours
suyo, suya, suyos, suyas – his/hers/its/yours (usted)
nuestro, nuestra, nuestros, nuestras – ours
vuestro, vuestra, vuestros, vuestras – yours
suyo, suya, suyos, suyas – theirs/yours (ustedes)

este libro es mío, aquél es tuyo
this bok is mine, that is yours

Used to demonstrate or pinpoint what is being referred to.  They match the noun they are describing so masculine/feminine and singular/plural

este/esta – this  estos/estas – these  – when it is close to you

ese/esa – that  esos/esas – those  – when it is near

aquel/aquella – that  aquellos/aquellas – those  – when it is far away

Adverbs qualify other parts of speech:

verbs: we finished it quickly
adjectives: we found the journey amazingly easy
other adverbs: we got there amazingly quickly

Have 2 main forms:

a) single words in their own right:

adverbs of degree: muy, bastante, mucho, poco
adverbs of time: ya (already), todovía (still, yet), pronto, tarde
adverbs of place: aquí, ahí,allí

b) those that are formed from adjectives, in English mostly formed by adding ‘ly’ to an adjective

More »

Used to say what has happened, what has been done in the recent past.

¿Qué has hecho hoy? what have you done today

¿Has ido al fútbol? have you been to football?

Formed by using the present tense of haber + the past participle

-ar -er -ir
Comprar Comer Subir
He comprado He comido He subido
Has comprado Has comido Has subido
Ha comprado Ha comido Ha subido
Hemos comprado Hemos comido Hemos subido
Habéis comprado Habéis comido Habéis subido
Han comprado Han comido Han subido

Irregulars

abrir – abierto
cubrir – cubierto (covered)
descubrir – descubierto
decir – dicho
volver – vuelto
devolver – devuelto (give(n) back)
disolver – disuelto (resolve(d))
resolver – resuelto (resolve(d))
escribir – escrito
describir – descrito
freír – frito (fri/fried)
hacer – hecho
satisfacer – satisfecho
morir – muerto
poner – puesto (put)
romper – roto
ver – visto

Used to indicate future tenses whether in the near future or the distant future.
Compraré la carne en al carnicería, luego iré al hipermercado.
I’ll buy/I’m going to buy the meat at the butcher’s, then I’ll go to the hypermarket

El año que viene, pasaré mis vacaciones con mis padres, pero cuando tenga veinte años, iré con mis amigos.
Next year I shall spend my holidays with my parents but when I’m 20 I shall go with my friends.

The future tense is also sometimes used to indicate suppositions or approximations (often involving numbers)
¿Dónde estará?
I wonder where he is

¿Dónde está papá? Estará en la cocina
Where is Dad? He’s probably in the kitchen

¿Cuántos años tiene el abuelo? Tendrá unos setenta años.
How old is grandad? He must be about seventy

Future Simple

-ar -er -ir
Hablar Comer Vivir
Hablaré comeré viviré
Hablarás Comerás vivirás
Hablará Comerá Vivirá
Hablaremos Comeremos Viviremos
Hablaréis Comeréis viviréis
hablarán Comeran vivirán

Irregular verbs have same ending as above, but stems end in ‘r’

caber: cabré
decir: diré
haber: habré
poder: podré
poner: pondré
querer: querré
saber: sabré
salir: saldré
tener: tendré
valer: valdré
venir: vendré

IR + a

Voy a hablar con tus padres
I am going to speak to your parents

AKA: past historic, past definite, past simple

Usage: To describe a single, completed action in the past or an action which took place over a defined period of time.

Ayer compré un abrigo nuevo – yesterday I bought a new coat

-ar -er -ir
Comprar Beber Subir
Compré Bebí Subí
Compraste Bebiste Subiste
compró bebió subió
Compramos Bebimos Subimos
Comprasteis Bebisteis Subisteis
compraron bebieron Subieron

Irregulars:

Ir
fui
fuiste
fue
fuimos
fuisteis
fueron

í = Ctrl + Alt + i
é = Ctrl + Alt + e
ó = Ctrl + Alt + o
ñ = (Ctrl + Shift + ~ ) release, then press n

y los numeros:

á = Alt + 0225
é = Alt + 0233
í = Alt + 0237
ó = Alt + 0243
ú = Alt + 0250
ñ = Alt + 0241
ü = Alt + 0252

Á = ALT+0193
É = ALT+0201
Í = ALT+0205
Ó = ALT+0211
Ú = ALT+0218
Ñ = ALT+0209
Ü = ALT+0220

¡ = Alt + 0161
¿ Alt + 0191

Indicates what used to happen, such as habitual or repeated happenings:
cuando vivíamos en Barcelona, teníamos que hablar catalán.

Description – Madrid era más que un pueblo importante

To say what was happening at a particular time
Hablaba al téléfono

Continuous: Estaba hablando por téléfono cuando llamaron al puerta

2 sets of endings, one for -ar verbs and the other for -er and -ir verbs

trabajar comer vivir
trabajaba comía vivía
trabajabas comías vivías
trabajaba comía vivía
trabajábamos comíamos vivíamos
trabajabais comíais vivíais
trabajaban comían vivían

The verbs ser and it are irregular

ser ir
era iba
eras ibas
era iba
éramos íbamos
erais ibais
eran iban